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  • Writer's pictureMario Tobon

How Formula 1 works in 2023 | Formula 1 team strategies

Updated: Jun 19

Formula 1, the pinnacle of motorsport, continues to captivate millions of fans around the world with its high-speed thrills and cutting-edge technology. In 2023, the sport has evolved, embracing new regulations, technologies, and strategies that shape the competitive landscape. In this article, we delve into the workings of Formula 1 in 2023 and explore the intricate team strategies that underpin the success of the sport's elite.

The Evolution of F1

Formula 1 has always been characterized by its ability to evolve and adapt to stay at the forefront of innovation. The year 2023 brought several notable changes to the sport, aimed at enhancing competition and sustainability.

F1 Evolution

One of the key developments is the introduction of the new power unit regulations. The sport has shifted its focus to hybrid power units that combine internal combustion engines with energy recovery systems. This move aims to promote efficiency and reduce the environmental impact of Formula 1, aligning with global sustainability goals.

Additionally, the 2023 season witnesses the implementation of cost cap regulations. With a set budget limit, teams must strategically allocate their resources to achieve optimal performance while adhering to financial constraints. This change aims to level the playing field, preventing larger teams from gaining an unfair advantage through exorbitant spending.

The sport has shifted its focus to hybrid power units that combine internal combustion engines with energy recovery systems

F1 Teams in 2023


Driver 1

Driver 2

Red Bull Racing

Max Verstappen

Sergio Perez


Lewis Hamilton

George Russell

Aston Martin

Fernando Alonso

Lance Stroll


Charles Leclerc

Carlos Sainz


Pierre Gasly

Esteban Ocon


Lando Norris

Oscar Piastri


Nico Hulkenberg

Kevin Magnussen

Alfa Romeo

Valtteri Bottas

Guanyu Zhou


Nyck De Vries

Yuki Tsunoda


Logan Sargeant

Alexander Albon

The 2023 Calendar

The Formula 1 calendar is a yearly schedule of races held across different countries and continents. The races take place on various types of circuits, including street circuits, permanent tracks, and hybrid layouts. Each race presents unique challenges and characteristics, making the calendar a diverse and thrilling experience for both fans and drivers.


Bahrain Grand Prix

Sakhir International Circuit

March 6


Saudi Arabian Grand Prix

Jeddah Corniche Circuit

March 20


Australian Grand Prix

Albert Park

April 2


Azerbaijan Grand Prix

Baku City Circuit

April 30


Miami Grand Prix

Miami International Autodrome

May 8


Monaco Grand Prix

Circuit de Monaco

May 28


Spanish Grand Prix

Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya

June 4


Canadian Grand Prix

Circuit Gilles Villeneuve

June 19


Austrian Grand Prix

Red Bull Ring

July 2


British Grand Prix

Silverstone Circuit

July 10


Hungarian Grand Prix


July 23


Belgian Grand Prix

Circuit de Spa Francorchamps

July 30


Dutch Grand Prix

Circuit Zandvoort

August 27


Italian Grand Prix

Monza Circuit

September 3


Singapore Grand Prix

Marina Bay Street Circuit

September 17


Japanese Grand Prix

Suzuka Circuit

September 24


Qatar Grand Prix

Losail International Circuit

October 9


United States Grand Prix

Circuit of the Americas

October 23


Mexico City Grand Prix

Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez

October 30


Sao Paulo Grand Prix

Interlagos Circuit

November 6


Las Vegas Grand Prix

Las Vegas Street Circuit

November 19


Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Yas Marina Circuit

November 27

F1 Race Weekend

A typical Formula 1 race weekend spans three days: Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. On Friday, teams and drivers participate in practice sessions, fine-tuning their cars and familiarising themselves with the track. Saturday hosts the all-important qualifying session, where drivers battle to secure the best possible starting position for the race. Finally, on Sunday, the main event takes place, with drivers competing wheel-to-wheel for victory.

How Qualifying works in F1

Formula 1 qualifying takes place on Saturday, a day before the main race. It is divided into three distinct sessions: Q1, Q2, and Q3. Each session eliminates a certain number of drivers, leaving only the fastest ones to compete in the subsequent session.

Qualifying one

Qualifying 1, the first session, typically lasts for 18 minutes. All drivers on the grid are eligible to participate. During this session, drivers aim to set quick lap times to secure a spot in Q2. The slowest five or six drivers (depending on the race) are eliminated at the end of Q1 and will start the race from the back of the grid.

Qualifying two

Qualifying 2, follows immediately after Q1 and lasts for 15 minutes. The remaining drivers, except those eliminated in Q1, participate in this session. The objective for drivers in Q2 is to set even faster lap times than in Q1 to secure a spot in the final session, Q3. Once again, the slowest five or six drivers (depending on the race) are eliminated, determining their starting positions for the race.

Qualifying three

Qualifying 3, is the most intense and critical session, lasting for 12 minutes. The remaining drivers, usually the top ten, battle it out to secure the best starting positions on the grid. In this session, drivers have one opportunity to set their fastest lap times. The order in which they cross the start/finish line during Q3 does not determine their final position. Instead, their fastest lap times are used to determine the grid positions.

Tires & Track limit rules

To add to the excitement, there are specific rules and regulations that drivers and teams must adhere to during qualifying. One such rule is the use of tire compounds. In Q1, Q2, and Q3, drivers have a limited number of tire sets available, usually seven sets of dry tires (soft, medium, and hard compounds). They must manage these tires strategically, choosing the optimal time to use each compound for maximum performance.

Additionally, drivers must follow track limits during qualifying. Track limits refer to the boundaries of the circuit, and drivers must keep at least two wheels within those limits. If a driver exceeds track limits during their lap time, it is invalidated, and they must set another competitive lap time to ensure they are not eliminated.

Strategies play a crucial role in qualifying. Some drivers may choose to run fewer laps to preserve tires for the race, while others may opt for more laps to gain confidence and find the ideal racing line. Teams analyze data, monitor competitors' lap times, and make real-time decisions to optimize their drivers' performance during each session.

Qualifying is not only important for the drivers but also for the teams. A good starting position on the grid provides a significant advantage, as drivers can avoid potential first-lap incidents and have a clear path ahead. Overtaking can be challenging in Formula 1, especially on certain circuits, so starting higher up the grid increases the chances of a strong race result.

What is F1 Sprint?

The introduction of sprint races in Formula 1 marks a significant shift in the traditional race weekend format. Designed to inject an extra dose of excitement, these races are held on Saturdays and serve as a prelude to the main Grand Prix event on Sunday.

The objective is to create more opportunities for overtaking and unpredictable outcomes, giving fans an additional reason to tune in and witness thrilling on-track battles.

The format of a Formula 1 sprint race differs from the conventional race in several key aspects. Firstly, the distance of a sprint race is significantly shorter than a typical Grand Prix, usually ranging from 100 to 150 kilometers. This condensed distance places a premium on driver skill, as they must maximize performance and make strategic decisions within a limited timeframe.

The starting grid positions for the sprint race are determined through a separate qualifying session, often held on Friday. This qualifying session is a standalone event, with its own set of rules and procedures. The results of this qualifying session determine the starting order for the sprint race. However, unlike the usual qualifying session for the main race, the focus is solely on setting the fastest lap time, rather than managing tire allocation or fuel load.

The sprint race itself is a fast-paced showdown, typically lasting around 30 to 45 minutes. With fewer laps to make an impact, drivers need to push their cars to the limit from the moment the lights go out. The condensed nature of the race means there is little room for error, as any mistakes or setbacks can have significant consequences on the final result.

​The sprint race itself is a fast-paced showdown, typically lasting around 30 to 45 minutes

While the sprint race does not directly determine the winner of the Grand Prix, it does have implications for the main event. The finishing order of the sprint race determines the starting positions for Sunday's race, with the top finishers rewarded with advantageous grid positions. This introduces a strategic element, as drivers and teams must balance the desire for a strong sprint race performance with the need to preserve tires and manage their cars for the more significant race to follow.

Sprint races also offer an opportunity for teams to experiment with different strategies and tactics. With a shorter race distance, teams may opt for aggressive approaches, such as tire gambles or early pit stops, to gain an edge. This dynamic environment creates a captivating spectacle for fans, as they witness the strategic battles unfold on the track.

The introduction of sprint races in Formula 1 has received mixed reactions from fans and industry insiders. Proponents argue that the format adds excitement and unpredictability to the race weekend, with more opportunities for overtaking and unexpected outcomes.

Additionally, sprint races offer an additional chance for drivers to showcase their skills and entertain the audience with their aggressive driving. However, critics raise concerns about the potential dilution of the main event, as the focus shifts to the sprint race. They argue that the value and significance of the traditional Grand Prix may be diminished, and the essence of Formula 1 as an endurance sport could be compromised.

F1 Regulations

To ensure fair competition and safety, Formula 1 has a comprehensive set of regulations governing various aspects of the sport. These regulations cover technical specifications of the cars, rules for on-track conduct, safety measures, and penalties for rule infringements. The constant refinement of these regulations keeps the sport dynamic and adaptable.

Points System and Championships

Formula 1 employs a points system to determine the winners of the World Drivers' Championship and the World Constructors' Championship. Points are awarded based on finishing positions in each race, with the driver and constructor amassing the most points over the season claiming the respective titles. This system adds an extra layer of excitement and strategy to each race, as drivers and teams strive to maximize their point haul.


Points Scored























F1 Legends

Over the years, Formula 1 has witnessed the rise of several legendary drivers who have left an indelible mark on the sport. From Juan Manuel Fangio and Ayrton Senna to Michael Schumacher and Lewis Hamilton, these drivers have achieved remarkable success and become household names. Their skill, bravery, and sportsmanship have become part of Formula 1's rich tapestry.

Team Strategies in F1

Formula 1 team strategies play a pivotal role in determining success on the track. Each team meticulously plans their approach to maximize performance and outsmart their rivals. Let's explore some key strategies employed by teams in 2023.

Car Development and Technical Innovations

Car development is the lifeblood of Formula 1 teams. In 2023, teams invest significant resources in research and development to gain a competitive edge. Advanced simulations, wind tunnel testing, and data analytics drive the refinement of car aerodynamics, chassis design, and power unit performance. Additionally, teams actively explore technical innovations, such as new materials and manufacturing techniques, to enhance the overall performance of their vehicles.

Driver Selection and Skill Development

Selecting the right drivers is crucial for team success. Teams analyze various factors, including driving skills, adaptability, consistency, and marketability, when choosing their lineup. Driver development programs play a vital role in honing the skills of young talents, preparing them for the demanding world of Formula 1. Simulators and virtual reality training tools assist drivers in refining their technique and gaining a better understanding of track dynamics.

Race Strategy and Tire Management

Race strategy and tire management can make or break a team's chances of victory. Teams analyze vast amounts of data to determine the optimal race strategy, considering variables like weather conditions, tire degradation, and competitors' performance. Pit stops are carefully timed to minimize the time lost and take advantage of strategic opportunities, such as undercutting or overcutting rivals. Effective tire management throughout the race is crucial, as different compounds offer varying performance and degradation characteristics.

Data Analytics and Performance Optimization

Data analytics has revolutionized Formula 1, enabling teams to extract valuable insights from vast amounts of information. Teams employ sophisticated algorithms to analyze telemetry data, track conditions, and competitor performance, facilitating real-time decision-making during races. By optimizing various parameters, such as fuel consumption, tire wear, and aerodynamic balance, teams can squeeze out every ounce of performance from their cars.

Pit Crew Efficiency and Strategy

Pit stops are a critical aspect of Formula 1 races, where every fraction of a second matters. Teams strive for precision and efficiency during pit stops, aiming to minimize the time spent in the pits and maximize track position gains. Strategists constantly assess the race situation and make split-second decisions on when to pit for fresh tires, fuel, or repairs, often considering multiple scenarios and potential outcomes.

Sponsorship and Commercial Partnerships

Formula 1 teams heavily rely on sponsorships and commercial partnerships to fund their operations. Securing lucrative deals with global brands is vital for financial stability and resource allocation. Teams actively engage in building their brand image, leveraging their success and marketability to attract sponsors. These partnerships often involve cross-promotion, technological collaborations, and product development, further strengthening the ties between teams and sponsors.


As Formula 1 is well into 2023, the sport continues to push the boundaries of technology, sustainability, and competition. The introduction of new power unit regulations and cost cap restrictions shapes the landscape, promoting efficiency and fair competition. Behind the scenes, teams strategize meticulously to gain an edge on the track. From car development and driver selection to race strategies and data analytics, every aspect of team operations plays a crucial role in achieving success. As fans witness the high-speed battles unfold, they can now appreciate the intricate strategies that shape the thrilling spectacle of Formula 1 in 2023.

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